Below are citations for information presented elsewhere on this website.
 Because more than 99% of plastics are made from and produced using energy derived from fossil fuels, plastics are implicated as a significant and growing contributor to global climate change. Plastics were responsible for 1.7 gigatons (Gt) of CO2 equivalent (CO2 e) in 2015, a number that is expected to grow to 3.5 Gt by 2050 if we continue producing plastics as we do today. Making plastics emissions transparent, Coalition for Materials Emissions Transparency (COMET)
 Zhu (2021) The plastics cycle - an unknown branch of the carbon cycle; Stubbins et al. (2021) Plastics in the Earth System; Loiselle and Galgani (2020) Plastic pollution impacts on marine carbon geochemistry; Sharma et al. (2023) Contribution of plastic and microplastic to global climate change and their conjoining impacts on the environment; Shen et al. (2023) Recent advances in the research on effects of micro/nanoplastics on carbon conversion and carbon cycle: a review
 Reyna-Bensusan et al. (2019) Experimental measurements of black carbon emission factors to estimate the global impact of uncontrolled burning of waste
 A Poison Like No Other - How Microplastics Corrupted Our Planet & Our Bodies says that if the plastics industry were a country, it would be the fifth largest emitter after China, the U.S. India and Russia. According to National Geographic and The Global Carbon Atlas, the plastics would be the fourth largest.
 Beyond Plastics (2021). The New Coal: Plastics & Climate Change
 Shen et al. (2020). Can microplastics pose a threat to ocean carbon sequestration?
 Maity and Pramanick (2020). Perspectives and challenges of micro/nanoplastics-induced toxicity with special reference to phytotoxicity
 Brahney et al. (2020). Plastic rain in protected areas of the United States
 CIEL (2019). Plastic & Health - The Hidden Cost of a Plastic Planet